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The Japanese Version of the EORTC Quality of Life Questionnaire

  • G. Tóth
  • M. Tsukuda
Reference work entry

Abstract:

This Chapter summarizes  quality of life (QoL) questionnaires for various types of cancer. Most of the patient-centered QoL measurement tools have been developed in English-speaking cultures. Thus, it has been a vitally important question whether or not these questionnaires could be used in other cultures – like African and Eastern countries – and cross a broad cultural divide.

The  European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) quality of life questionnaires (QLQ) were continuously developed and used since 1993 first in European countries and later on worldwide in international trials. Therefore, a standardized translation and cultural adaptation procedure was also developed by the EORTC Quality of Life Group (QLG) to respond to the international interest in non-English speaking countries and cultures. To date, the EORTC QLQ 30-item core questionnaire (QLQ-C30) has been translated and validated into more than 60 languages and its cancer site/type specific modules (e.g., Palliative care, Breast-, Cervix-, Head and Neck cancer etc.) are under further translation and validation process. Translations and cultural validations include all major Western, and many African and Asian languages.

The aim of this Chapter is to give a brief account of the existing EORTC QLQ modules and their cultural validation (linguistic and psychometric validation) into Japanese language for use in cancer patients. We give an overview of the translation problems and different priorities of social issues between Western and Eastern – in our case Japanese – culture.

Keywords

Japanese Version Supplementary Module Japanese Language Linguistic Validation Asian Cultural Context 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Abbreviations:

APPI

Action concerning Protection of Personal Information

BR23

breast cancer module

BRM

Brahma gene

C15-PAL

palliative care core questionnaire

C30

30-item cancer core

CR

Complete Response

CX24

cervical cancer module

ECOG PSR

Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status Rating scale

EGFR

Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor

EORTC

European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer

FACT-G

Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General

FACT-H&N

Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Head and Neck cancer subscale

FLIC

Functional Living Index-Cancer

GHQ

General Health Questionnaire

H&N35

35-item module for Head and Neck cancer

HRQoL

Health-related Quality of Life

IMRT

Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy

IN-PATSAT32

cancer in-patient satisfaction with care questionnaire

KPS

Karnofsky Performance Scale

LC13

lung cancer module

MY20

multiple myeloma module

OES18

esophageal cancer module

OV28

ovarian cancer module

POMS

Profile of Mood States

PSS-HN

Performance Status Scale for Head and Neck Cancer

QLG

Quality of Life Study Group

QLQ

Quality of Life Questionnaire

QLU

Quality of Life Unit

QoL

Quality of Life

QOL-ACD

Quality of Life Questionnaire for Cancer Patients Treated with Anti-Cancer Drugs

QOL-RTI/H&N

Quality of Life-Radiation Therapy Instrument with Head and Neck Module

SF36

Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Survey

SOV

subject-object-verb

STO22

gastric cancer module

SVO

subject-verb-object

UWQOL

University of Washington Quality of Life Questionnaire for Head and Neck Cancer

WHO/QOL-26

World Health Organization Quality of Life 26

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© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Tóth
  • M. Tsukuda

There are no affiliations available

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