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Adolescent Quality of Life in Australia

  • A. H. Lee
  • L. B. Meuleners
  • M. L. Fraser
Reference work entry

Abstract:

Although the majority of adolescent  quality of life (QOL) research has focused on chronic diseases, the QOL measure can be highly useful in providing a broader understanding of the health and well-being of the general adolescent population. Adolescent QOL is a relatively new field so researchers face several challenges. Adolescents are a unique group and the unique dimensions that make up their QOL are only just emerging. Several generic assessments of adolescent QOL are being produced but predominantly in Europe and North America. One particular Australian based longitudinal study has contributed to the understanding of adolescent QOL. Encouragingly, it reported that Australian adolescents, both with and without a chronic disease, describe their QOL positively. It also provided initial validation for adolescent QOL in Australia to comprise of five dimensions, namely, “physical health,” “environment,” “social,” “psychological” and “opportunities for growth and development,” and showed that these dimensions are interdependent. The longitudinal nature of the study also revealed the dynamic nature of QOL and that potentially modifiable variables of adolescent “control” and “opportunities” could have a significant positive impact on QOL. Research would be enhanced by the development of pertinent adolescent QOL measures based on the most recent modification and validation of internationally developed instruments. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders and rural or remote adolescents are at particular risk of poor QOL and these groups should be targeted for improvement. It is recommended that QOL research be used for developing policy, health intervention programs, monitoring the QOL status of the general adolescent population and identifying those at risk of low QOL.

Keywords

Torres Strait Islander Western Australia Child Health Questionnaire Australian Adolescent General Adolescent Population 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Abbreviations:

AIHW

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

CFA

 confirmatory factor analysis

CHQ

child health questionnaire

ComQOL-S

comprehensive quality of life scale – school version

EFA

 exploratory factor analysis

HRQOL

 health-related quality of life

QOL

quality of life

QOLPAV

quality of life profile- adolescent version

SEM

structural equation modeling

WA

Western Australia

WHO

World Health Organization

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. H. Lee
  • L. B. Meuleners
  • M. L. Fraser

There are no affiliations available

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