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Health-Related Quality of Life in Obese Children and Adolescents

  • M. de Beer
  • R. J. B. J. Gemke
Reference work entry

Abstract:

Prosperity is accompanied by a rapidly increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity, especially among children and adolescents. This has major implications for the occurrence of cardiovascular (e.g., hypertension, stroke) and metabolic (e.g., insulin resistance and dyslipidemia) diseases in adulthood, not only regarding their prevalence but also as they increasingly occur at a relatively younger (adult of even adolescent) age. Obesity is not only responsible for these slowly and sub clinically presenting somatic conditions but is also closely associated with development of adverse psychological and social conditions. This burden of obesity has both short and long term effects while children and adolescents are particularly vulnerable for adverse psychosocial consequences. Health related quality of life is a concept that enables to assess overall well-being in large groups of healthy subjects and those with a (acute or chronic) condition. In this chapter the concepts of measuring health related quality of life in children and adolescents will be reviewed followed by the introduction and discussion of generic and condition (obesity) specific measures for assessment of health related quality of life. Subsequently the relation of obesity with (impairment of) health related quality of life will be reviewed by a number of relevant studies. Rather than to provide an exhaustive review we sought to provide a representative sample of studies that (1) were methodologically sound; (2) comprised an adequate sample size; (3) comprised individuals across a broad range of relative body weight (body mass index,  BMI [kg/m2];) and (4) used generally well-validated measures of HRQL. Thereafter the effects of interventions on health related quality of life in obese children and adolescents will be discussed and finally a perspective for future research on this topic is proposed.

Keywords

Obese Child Obese Adolescent Child Health Questionnaire Obese Youth Normal Weight Control 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Abbreviations:

BMI

body mass index

CHQ

child health questionnaire

CHQ-CF

child health questionnaire child form

CHQ-PF

child health questionnaire parent form

HRQOL

health related quality of life

HUI

health utilities index

IWQOL

impact of weight on quality of life

KINDL

kinderlebensqualität fragenbogen

MHS

municipal health service

PedsQL

pediatric quality of life inventory

QOL

quality of life

SF-36

short form 36

SG

standard gamble

TACQOL

TNO-AZL children quality of life

TAPQOL

TNO-AZL pre-school children quality of life

TTO

time trade-off

VAS

visual analogue scales

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. de Beer
  • R. J. B. J. Gemke

There are no affiliations available

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