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Postoperative Quality of Life Assessment in the Over 80's After Cardiac Surgery

  • Christoph H. Huber
Reference work entry

Abstract:

 Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the industrialized nation, and 25% of patients over the age of 80 are functionally limited by their underling cardiovascular condition. Coronary artery diseases have a prevalence of 18–20% in the elderly. There are principally no differences in treatment options and surgical indications in this age group compared to the younger population. Cardiac surgery is a very effective therapy to improve functional status of patients with coronary artery and heart valve disease. In this chapter the impact of heart surgery on Quality of Life (QoL)in this very challenging age segment is summarized.

Recent studies confirm the important gain of QoL with a very acceptable mortality in patients over 80 years after heart surgery. These extremely satisfying results should be confronted with the rather reserved referral practice, often withholding old patients for long from cardiac surgery.

Keywords

Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Aortic Valve Replacement Nottingham Health Profile Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Patient Heart Valve Disease 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Abbreviations:

AVR

 Aortic valve replacement

BMI

Body mass index

CABG

 Coronary artery bypass grafting

CAD

Coronary artery disease

CCS

Canadian Cardiovascular Society grading

COPD

Chronic obstructive airway disease

CPB

Cardiopulmonary bypass

EC

Erythrocyte concentrate

IABP

Intra aortic balloon pump

ICU

Intensive care unit

IDDM

Insuline-dependent diabetes mellitus

LIMA

Left internal mammary artery graft

LVEF

Left ventricular ejection fraction

MI

Myocardial infarction

NHP

 Nottingham Health Profile

NIDDM

Non-insuline-dependent diabetes mellitus

NYHA

New York Heart Association grading

PAD

Peripheral arterial disease

QoL

Quality of life

SAQ

 Seattle Angina Questionnaire

SF36

Short form 36

SIP

 Sickness Impact Profile

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christoph H. Huber
    • 1
  1. 1.Cardiovascular Surgery DivisionCentre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV)LausanneSwitzerland

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