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Leisure-Time Physical Activity and Quality of Life

  • A. Vuillemin
Reference work entry

Abstract:

The benefits of  physical activity (PA) on health are well established and there is strong evidence of protective effects of regular PA against major chronic disease. In line with this, increased PA and improved fitness were shown to result in better quality of life (QOL) in the general population. In spite of the use of various measuring instruments of PA and QOL, and the adjustment on a more or less important number of QOL determinants, regular PA appears to improve QOL by enhancing psychological well-being and by improving physical functioning. More precisely, a regular PA is globally associated with a better QOL both in the physical domains with a cross-sectional approach and in the mental domains with a longitudinal approach. Most of the studies were interested in overall  level of Physical Activity and only few studies were specifically interested in  leisure-time Physical Activity. However, behavior during leisure remains most easily modifiable compared with PA at work, for example. In addition, intervention studies involved elderly and none was conducted in children or teenagers. Some results remain contradictory but it is possible to assert that an exercises program has beneficial effects on QOL, particularly on its physical dimension. It is interesting to emphasize that the most promising results were obtained from programs facilitating a regular practice equivalent to the current  public health recommendations for physical activity.

Keywords

Intense Physical Activity Public Health Recommendation Leisure Physical Activity Physical Activity Practice Mental Health Dimension 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Abbreviations:

LTPA

Leisure-Time Physical Activity

PA

Physical Activity

QOL

Quality of Life

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© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2010

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  • A. Vuillemin

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