Women in Health: Advocates, Reformers, and Pioneers
- 52 Downloads
Throughout our history, women have played a critical role in advocating for improvements in the health and health care of not only women, but also the population as a whole. Advocacy has been defined as “taking a position on an issue, and initiating actions in a deliberate attempt to influence private and public choices” (Labonte, 1994, p. 263). Advocacy can assume multiple forms, including community organizing, coalition building, advocacy through politics, the courts, legislatures, or regulatory agencies, and advocacy through the press. These mechanisms are not mutually exclusive, and many are used simultaneously to effectuate important goals.
Other women have made significant contributions to health through their professional achievements in science and medicine. Some women have asserted the right of women to practice in a health care profession, such as Elizabeth Blackwell, who became the first female physician in the United States. Others, like Helen Brooke Taussig, were pioneers...
KeywordsSexual Harassment Female Physician Birth Control Clinic United States Supreme Drunken Driver
- 1.Apple, R. D. (Ed.). (1990). Women in health ⇐p; medicine in America: An historical handbook. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.Google Scholar
- 2.Cullen-DuPont, K. (2000). Encyclopedia of women’s history in America. New York: Facts On File.Google Scholar
- 3.Edmondson, C. M. (1999). Extraordinary women: Women who changed history. Holbrook, MA: Adams Media.Google Scholar
- 4.Goodwin, J. L. (Ed.). (2002). Encyclopedia of women in American history. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe.Google Scholar
- 5.Langston, D. (2002). A to Z of American women leaders and activists. New York: Facts On File.Google Scholar