Encyclopedia of Geochemistry

1999 Edition
| Editors: Clare P. Marshall, Rhodes W. Fairbridge

M

  • Robert L. Cullers
  • David W. Mittlefehldt
  • Guillaume Morin
  • Llyod M. Petrie
  • Ross C. Kerr
  • Cynthia E. A. Palmer
  • Martin Mihaljevic
  • D. R. Bowes
  • J. Koˇler
  • Gregory A. Synder
  • Stephen Roberts
  • Anton P. le Roex
  • Annemarie Meike
  • Alain J. Baronnet
  • William S. Fyfe
  • A. A. Bookstrom
  • D. G. Rancourt
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-4496-8_12
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Magmatic processes

Introduction

Magmatic processes comprise any process that affects the melting or crystallization of a magma. This includes partial melting of rocks of different composition under different conditions of temperature and pressure (total and fluid such as H2O) and the processes that modify the composition of the melt after melting. The processes that can potentially modify the melt include evolution of a fluid phase (H2O or CO2), fractional crystallization, assimilation of country rocks, immiscibility of liquids, and flow differentiation. These processes range from equilibrium to various degrees of disequilibrium and may be modeled mathematically as described below.

Partial melting

Mechanisms of melting

A single mineral like ice melts at a constant temperature at constant pressure with the composition of the melt (water) being the same as the solid (ice). In contrast a rock consisting of two or more minerals melts over a range of temperature at a constant pressure, and...

Keywords

Fluid Inclusion Fractional Crystallization Oxygen Isotopic Composition Porphyry Copper Parent Body 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Cross-references

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert L. Cullers
  • David W. Mittlefehldt
  • Guillaume Morin
  • Llyod M. Petrie
  • Ross C. Kerr
  • Cynthia E. A. Palmer
  • Martin Mihaljevic
  • D. R. Bowes
  • J. Koˇler
  • Gregory A. Synder
  • Stephen Roberts
  • Anton P. le Roex
  • Annemarie Meike
  • Alain J. Baronnet
  • William S. Fyfe
  • A. A. Bookstrom
  • D. G. Rancourt

There are no affiliations available