Encyclopedia of Geochemistry

1999 Edition
| Editors: Clare P. Marshall, Rhodes W. Fairbridge

L

  • J. S. Seewald
  • T. I. Eglinton
  • Scott M. McLennan
  • Douglas L. Miles
  • Cynthia E. A. Palmer
  • Martin Mihaljevic
  • Leon E. Long
  • Michel Rohmer
  • Ju-chin Chen
  • G. Calas
  • P. Jonathan Patchett
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-4496-8_11

Laboratory simulations of oil and natural gas formation

A major goal for the petroleum geochemist is to understand the origin of petroleum in relation to maturation of organic-rich sediments. Thermal maturation involves numerous complex chemical and physical processes that modify the structure and composition of sedimentaryorganic matter during burial. Owing to the complexity of natural sedimentary basins, however, factors that regulate these processes are difficult to determine from field studies alone. Consequently, a variety of laboratory simulation techniques have been developed to provide information regarding the rates of reactions as a function of temperature and time, the absolute amounts of products generated, reaction mechanisms, and sources and sinks for individual species involved. For example, results of laboratory experiments demonstrating that some ‘biological marker’ compounds are initially attached to kerogen by chemical bonds but are subsequently released to crude...

Keywords

Fluid Inclusion Continental Crust Sedimentary Organic Matter Rockeval Pyrolysis Source Reservoir 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. S. Seewald
  • T. I. Eglinton
  • Scott M. McLennan
  • Douglas L. Miles
  • Cynthia E. A. Palmer
  • Martin Mihaljevic
  • Leon E. Long
  • Michel Rohmer
  • Ju-chin Chen
  • G. Calas
  • P. Jonathan Patchett

There are no affiliations available