1989 Edition


  • D. R. Bowes
Reference work entry
The appinite suite, which occurs in pipe-like intrusions in the British Caledonides, includes ultrabasic-ultramafic (peridotite, pyroxenite, hornblendite), basic to intermediate (kentallenite and many varieties of diorite), and acidic (granodiorite) types. Abundant amphibole is a common characteristic. A cluster of intrusions in the parish of Appin in W Scotland ( Fig. 1) formed the basis for the term appinite ( Bailey and Maufe, 1916) and for the demonstration of the subvolcanic characters of the masses and their association with explosion-breccia ( Fig. 2). Another cluster 50 km to the SE includes the Garabal Hill intrusion, which Nockolds (1941) used as a basis for proposing that the spatially-related and much more voluminous granitic plutons were genetically related to the appinite suite. Small clusters and isolated pipes occur in other parts of Scotland and a major cluster occurs in County Donegal, Eire ( Fig. 7). Here, as elsewhere, there is a spatial association of appinites with...
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Bailey, E. B. and H. B. Maufe, 1916, The geology of Ben Nevis and Glen Coe and the surrounding country (Expl. Sheet 53), Mem. Geol. Surv. Scotland.Google Scholar
  2. Bowes, D. R. and A. C. McArthur, 1976, Nature and genesis of the appinite suite, Krystalinikum 12, 31–46.Google Scholar
  3. Bowes, D. R. and A. E. Wright, 1967, The explosion-breccia pipes near Kentallen, Scotland, and their geological setting, Trans. R. Soc. Edinburgh 67, 109–142.Google Scholar
  4. Hamidullah, S. and D. R. Bowes, 1988, Petrogenesis of the appinite suite, Appin district, western Scotland. Acta Univ. Carolinae Geol. 1987 (4), 295–396.Google Scholar
  5. Pitcher, W. S. and A. R. Berger, 1972, The Geology of Donegal: A Study of Granite Emplacement and Unroofing. New York: Wiley Interscience.Google Scholar
  6. Wright, A. E. and D. R. Bowes, 1979, Geochemistry of the appinite suite, in A. L. Harris, C. H. Holland, and B. E. Leake, eds., The Caledonides of the British Isles—Reviewed. Spec. Publ. Geol. Soc. London 8, 699–704.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Van Nostrand Reinhold 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. R. Bowes

There are no affiliations available