Petrology

1989 Edition

Andesite and dacite

  • Alexander R. McBirney
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/0-387-30845-8_11

Nomenclature and compositional varieties

The name andesite was originally coined by Leopold von Buch in 1826 for porphyritic volcanic rocks of the Andes. The rocks were said to consist mainly of “albite” and horn-blende. The name was not generally used, however, until a more refined definition was introduced by J. Roth who, in 1861, applied it to porphyritic Cenozoic rocks consisting chiefly of plagioclase and either hornblende or augite. The term was subsequently broadened to include subalkaline (hypersthene-normative) rocks of any age in which plagioclase has an average composition more sodic than labradorite. Modern usage follows the definition adopted by the IUGS Subcommission on the Systematics of Igneous Rocks (Streckeisen, 1978), which places less emphasis on the composition of plagioclase than on silica content and color index (volumetric proportion of dark minerals). The latter has been set at 35% or less in the mode or molecular norm (40% in the CIPW norm). Many recent...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Bibliography

  1. Baker, P. E., 1978, The South Sandwich Islands. III. Petrology of the volcanic rocks, Sci. Rep. Br. Antarct. Surv. 93, 1–34.Google Scholar
  2. Ewart, A., 1979, A review of the mineralogy and chemistry of Tertiary-Recent dacitic, latitic, rhyolitic, and related salic volcanic rocks, in F. Barker, ed., Trondhjemites, Dacites, and Related Rocks, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 13–121.Google Scholar
  3. Gill, J. B., 1981, Orogenic Andesites and Plate Tectonics. New York: Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
  4. Hall, A., 1987, Igneous Petrology, Chap. 10. Harlow, U.K.: Longman.Google Scholar
  5. Irvine, T. N. & W. R. A. Baragar, 1971, A guide to the chemical classification of common volcanic rocks, Can. J. Earth Sci. 8, 523–548.Google Scholar
  6. McBirney, A. R., 1984, Igneous Petrology. San Francisco: Freeman, Cooper.Google Scholar
  7. Miyashiro, A., 1974, Volcanic rocks series in island arcs and active continental margins, Am. J. Sci. 274, 321–355.Google Scholar
  8. Peccerillo, A. and Taylor, S. R., 1976, Geochemistry of Eocene calc-alkaline volcanic rocks from the Kastamonu area, northern Turkey, Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 58, 63–81.Google Scholar
  9. Streckeisen, A., 1978, Classification and nomenclature of volcanic rocks, lamprophyres, carbonatites and melilitic rocks, Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Abhandl. 134, 1–14.Google Scholar
  10. Thorpe, R. S., ed., 1982, Andesites: Orogenic Andesites and Related Rocks. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Van Nostrand Reinhold 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander R. McBirney

There are no affiliations available