Mineralogy

1981 Edition

Barometry, geologic

  • Keith Frye
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/0-387-30720-6_16

One goal of earth scientists is to determine the temperature and pressure of formation of rocks that, by one way or another, are brought to the surface of the earth for study. Minerals in rocks from outcrops, mines, and drill cores may have crystallized at temperatures and pressures considerably above those prevailing when they are studied. Certain physical and chemical characteristics of these minerals may be examined to determine what conditions prevailed during crystallization or during recrystallization. The resulting estimates of preexisting temperatures and pressures are known as geologic thermometry and as geologic barometry, respectively (also geothermometry and geobarometry ; see Thermometry, Geologic ).

If, from experimental studies of phase equilibria (see vol. IV A), a certain mineral or mineral assemblage is determined to be in equilibrium only within a defined pressure range, the presence of that mineral or assemblage in a rock indicates that it was once subjected to...

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References

  1. Boettcher, A., ed., 1976. Geothermometry-Geobarometry, a collection of papers presented at the International Conference on Geothermometry and Geobarometry convened at the Pennsylvania State University, October 5–10, 1975, Am. Mineralogist, 61, 549–816.Google Scholar
  2. Lusk, J., and Ford, C. E., 1978. Experimental extension of the sphalerite geobarometer to 10 kbar, Am. Mineralogist, 63, 516–519.Google Scholar
  3. Roedder, E., 1965. Liquid CO2 inclusions in olivine-bearing nodules and phenocrysts from basalts, Am. Mineralogist, 50, 1746–1782.Google Scholar

Cross-references

  1.  Garnet Group;  Mantle Mineralogy;  Pyroxene Group;  Thermometry, Geologic; Vol. IVA: Fluid Inclusions; Phase Equilibria.

Copyright information

© Hutchinson Ross Publishing Company 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Keith Frye

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