Advertisement

From Development to Poverty Alleviation and the Not-So-Sustainable Sustainable Development

  • Mel GrayEmail author
Reference work entry
  • 24 Downloads
Part of the Social Work book series (SOWO)

Abstract

This chapter views sustainable development as environmentally friendly. It explores policy on social and sustainable development and examines issues of environmental sustainability within contemporary approaches to poverty alleviation. It reviews development policies that prioritize growth and production over social and ecological justice and calls for an extension of sustainable development to embrace environmental sustainability within frameworks that emphasize economic and human development outcomes. Environmental sustainability concerns issues surrounding economic growth, human development, environmental decline, and building a bridge between economics and ecology. The chapter ends with a discussion of social work, arguing that, due to its humanistic focus, it is highly unlikely that environmental justice, or radical ecological justice, would become more important than social justice and human development, while poverty and inequality remain. The best we can do in social work is learn from practice by documenting what social workers are doing to further sustainable social development and environmental justice, cognizant that most social workers are not engaged in such work and social workers are small players in this terrain. In addition, those in the profession promoting developmental and green social work constitute a minority, albeit growing, voice. Hence, we should avoid overambitious claims and instead seek to establish the effectiveness of what we do. The goals of social work are wide-ranging, and its practice is so diverse that it is difficult to articulate exactly what it is that social workers do. This is possibly one reason why social workers around the world feel their work goes unrecognized and the profession lacks the respect not only of politicians but also local communities and service users of all ilk.

Keywords

Social development Sustainable development Environmental sustainability Ecological justice Social work 

References

  1. Acero L (2011) Pathways towards sustainability, participatory human development and the state. Development 54:205–208.  https://doi.org/10.1057/dev.2011.18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Adams WM, Aveling R, Brockington D, Dickson B, Elliott J, Hutton J, Roe D, Vira B, Womer W (2004) Biodiversity conservation and the eradication of poverty. Science 306:1146–1149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Atkisson A (2013) A fresh start for sustainable development. Development 56:52–57.  https://doi.org/10.1057/dev.2013.2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Banuri T (2013) Sustainable development is the new economic paradigm. Development 56:208–217.  https://doi.org/10.1057/dev.2013.38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bello W (2013) Post-2015 development assessment: proposed goals and indicators. Development 56:93–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Benin S, Nkonya E, Okecho G, Pender J, Nahdy S, Mugarura S, Kato E, Kayobyo G (2007) Assessing the impact of the National Agricultural Advisory Services (NAADS) in the Uganda rural livelihoods. Discussion paper 724. International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  7. Berry T (1988) Dream of the Earth. Sierra Club, San FranciscoGoogle Scholar
  8. Besthorn FH (2012) Deep ecology’s contributions to social work: a ten-year retrospective. Int J Soc Welf 21:248–259.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2397.2011.00850.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bojö J, Reddy RC (2003) Poverty reduction strategies and the Millennium Development Goal on environmental sustainability. Environmental economics series, paper no. 92. World Bank, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  10. Brown LD (1991) Bridging organizations and sustainable development. Hum Relat 44(8):807–831CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Bullard N (2011) It’s too late for sustainability: what we need is system change. Development 54:141–142.  https://doi.org/10.1057/dev.2011.29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Chambers R, Conway R (1992) Sustainable rural livelihoods: practical concepts for the 21st century. IDS discussion paper, no. 296. Institute of Development Studies, Brighton, pp 127–130Google Scholar
  13. Chang HJ, Grabel I (2005) Reclaiming development from the Washington consensus. J Post Keynes Econ 27:273–291Google Scholar
  14. Coates J (2004) From ecology to spirituality and social justice. Currents 3:1–11Google Scholar
  15. Cook S, Dugarova E (2014) Rethinking social development for a post-2015 world. Development 57:30–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Correll D (2008) The politics of poverty and social development. Int Soc Work 51:453–466.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0020872808090239CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Cox-Shrader K (2011) Notes on the transition: globalization, (re)localization, and ecological justice. Development 54:265–267.  https://doi.org/10.1057/dev.2011.1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Crutzen PJ, Stoermer EF (2000) The Anthropocene. IGBP Newsl 41:12Google Scholar
  19. Dewane C (2013) Review of Lena Dominelli (2012) Green social work: from environmental crises to environmental justice. Int J Soc Welf 22:328–330.  https://doi.org/10.1111/ijsw.12035CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Dominelli L (2012) Green social work. Polity Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  21. Dominelli L (2014) Promoting environmental justice through green social work practice: a key challenge for practitioners and educators. Int Soc Work 57:338–345.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0020872814524968CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Donat Castello L, Gil-González D, Alvarez-Dardet Diaz C, Hernández-Aguado I (2009) The environmental Millennium Development Goal: progress and barriers to its achievement. Environ Sci Policy 40:16–25.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2009.12.001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Drolet JL, Sampson T (2017) Addressing climate change from a social development approach: small cities and rural communities’ adaptation and response to climate change in British Columbia, Canada. Int Soc Work 60:61–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Dylan A (2013) Environmental sustainability, sustainable development, and social work. In: Gray M, Coates J, Hetherington T (eds) Environmental social work. Routledge, London, pp 62–87Google Scholar
  25. Escobar A (1995) Encountering development: the making and unmaking of the third world. Princeton University Press, PrincetonGoogle Scholar
  26. Escobar A (2011) Sustainability: design for the pluriverse. Development 54:137–140.  https://doi.org/10.1057/dev.2011.28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Estes R (1993) Toward sustainable development: from theory to praxis. Soc Dev Issues 15:1–30Google Scholar
  28. Falk R (1972) This endangered planet: prospects and proposals for human survival. Vintage Books, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  29. Fosu AK (2010) Does inequality constrain poverty reduction programs? Evidence from Africa. J Policy Model 32:818–827CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Fukuda-Parr S (2011) Theory and policy in international development: human development and capability approach and the Millennium Development Goals. Int Stud Rev 13:122–132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Fukuda-Parr S (2016) From the Millennium Development Goals to the Sustainable Development Goals: shifts in purpose, concept, and politics of global goal setting for development. Gend Dev 24:43–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Fukuda-Parr S (2017) Millennium Development Goals: ideas, interests and influence. Routledge, LondonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Garrity DP (2004) Agroforestry and the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. Agrofor Syst 61:5–17Google Scholar
  34. General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) (1986) Text of the General Agreement. GATT, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  35. Gleeson B, Low N (2000) Cities as consumers of the world’s environment: consuming cities. Routledge, LondonGoogle Scholar
  36. Gray M (ed) (2017) The Routledge handbook of social work and social development in Africa. Routledge, LondonGoogle Scholar
  37. Gray M, Webb SA (2014) The making of a civil society politics in social work: myth and misrepresentation in the global agenda. Int Soc Work 57:346–359CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Gray M, Coates J, Davies K (2017) Social development, the environment and the future of the planet. In: Midgley J, Pawar M (eds) Future directions in social development. Palgrave, London, pp 141–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Green D (2012) Book review ‘Knowledge, policy and power in international development: a practical guide’. Evid Policy 8:409–411CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Hawkes J (2001) The fourth pillar of sustainability: culture’s essential role in public planning. Cultural Development Network, Melbourne. http://www.culturaldevelopment.net.au/community/Downloads/HawkesJon(2001)TheFourthPillarOfSustainability.pdf. Accessed 22 Jan 2017Google Scholar
  41. Heap B, Kent J (eds) (2000) Towards sustainable consumption: a European perspective. The Royal Society, LondonGoogle Scholar
  42. Hopkins R (2009) The transition handbook: from oil dependency to local resilience. Chelsea Green Publishing, White River JunctionGoogle Scholar
  43. Hoque N (2014) Analysing sustainable consumption patterns: a literature review. Development 56:370–377.  https://doi.org/10.1057/dev.2014.13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. International Union for Conservation of Nature (2014) Summary statistics: trends in the status of biodiversity. http://www.iucnredlist.org/about/summary-statistics. Accessed 3 May 2015
  45. Jones D, Truell R (2012) The global agenda for social work and social development: a place to link together and be effective in a globalized world. Int Soc Work 55:454–472.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0020872812440587CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Klein N (2014) This changes everything: capitalism vs the climate. Allen Lane, LondonGoogle Scholar
  47. Lawson D, Mckay A, Okidi J (2006) Poverty persistence and transitions in Uganda: a combined qualitative and quantitative analysis. J Dev Stud 42(7):1225–1251.  https://doi.org/10.1080/00220380600884191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Lemanski C (2016) Poverty: multiple perspectives and strategies. Geography 101:4–10Google Scholar
  49. Luke TW (2005) Neither sustainable nor development: reconsidering sustainability in development. Sustain Dev 13:228–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Matthies A-L (2012) Review of Lena Dominelli (2012), Green social work: from environmental crises to environmental justice. Int Soc Work 56:247–248.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0020872812469922CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. McMichael AJ, Butler CD (2006) Emerging health issues: the widening challenge for population health promotion. Health Promot Int 21:15–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Midgley J (1995) Social development: the developmental perspective in social welfare. Sage, LondonGoogle Scholar
  53. Midgley J (2017) Social development in historical context. In: Midgley J, Pawar M (eds) Future directions in social development. Palgrave, London, pp 21–40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Moseley S (2011) Sustainability for development programmes. Development 54:161–163.  https://doi.org/10.1057/dev.2011.34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Nayyar D (2013) The Millennium Development Goals beyond 2015: old frameworks and new constructs. J Hum Dev Capabilities 14(3):371–392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. O’Connor A (2002) Poverty in global terms. In: Desai V, Potter RB (eds) The companion to development studies. Arnold, London, pp 37–41Google Scholar
  57. Pender J (2001) From ‘structural adjustment’ to ‘comprehensive development framework’: conditionality transformed? Third World Q 22:397–411CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Pender J, Jagger P, Nkonya E, Sserunkuuma D (2004) Development pathways and land management in Uganda. World Dev 32:767–792CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Poku N, Whitman J (2011) The Millennium Development Goals: challenges, prospects and opportunities. Third World Q 32:3–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Raghuram S (2011) Sustainable development: the citizen’s predicament. Development 54:143–146.  https://doi.org/10.1057/dev.2011.30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Rankin KN (2001) Governing development: neoliberalism, microcredit, and rational economic woman. Econ Soc 30:18–37.  https://doi.org/10.1080/03085140020019070CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Sachs W (1999) Planet dialectics: explorations in environment and development. Fernwood Publishing, HalifaxGoogle Scholar
  63. Sachs JD, Reid WV (2006) Investments toward sustainable development. Science 312:1002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Scoones I (2015) Sustainable livelihoods and rural development. Practical Action Publishing, RugbyCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Sen A (1999) Development as freedom. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  66. Sen A (2000) A decade of human development. J Hum Dev 1:17–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Sen A (2001) What is development about? In: Meier G, Stiglitz J (eds) Frontier development economics. Oxford University Press, New York, pp 506–513Google Scholar
  68. Sen A (2009) The idea of justice. Allen Lane, LondonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Sen A (2013) The ends and means of sustainability. J Hum Dev Capabilities 14(1):6–20.  https://doi.org/10.1080/19452829.2012.747492CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Sneddon C, Howarth R, Norgaard R (2006) Sustainable development in a post-Brundtland world. Ecol Econ 57:253–268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. United Nations (1995) Report of the World Summit for Social Development, Copenhagen, 6–12 March 1995. https://undocs.org/A/CONF.166/9. Accessed 3 May 2015
  72. United Nations (2005) The social summit ten years later. United Nations, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  73. United Nations (2014a) The Millennium Development Goals report 2014. United Nations, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. United Nations (2014b) Open working group proposal for Sustainable Development Goals. United Nations, New York. https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/focussdgs.html. Accessed 3 May 2015Google Scholar
  75. United Nations Development Programme (1992) Human development report, 1992. Oxford University Press, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. United Nations Development Programme (2014) Human Development Report 2014 – sustaining human progress: reducing vulnerabilities and building resilience. UNDP, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Wackernagel M, Rees W (1996) Our ecological footprint: reducing human impact on the Earth. New Society Publishers, Gabriola IslandGoogle Scholar
  78. Whitehead M, Dahlgren G (2007) Concepts and principles for tackling social inequities in health: levelling up part 1. World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, CopenhagenGoogle Scholar
  79. World Bank (2012) Inclusive green growth: the pathway to sustainable development. World Bank, Washington, DC. http://issuu.com/world.bank.publications/docs/9780821395516/1?e=1107022/2969166. Accessed 3 May 2015CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED) (1987) Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development: our common future. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of NewcastleNewcastleAustralia

Personalised recommendations