Advertisement

Critical Community Engagement Across Borders: Canada and Nicaragua

  • Mirna E. CarranzaEmail author
  • María Isolda Jiménez Peralta
  • Luz Angelina López Herrera
  • Martha Miuriel Suárez Soza
Reference work entry
  • 24 Downloads
Part of the Social Work book series (SOWO)

Abstract

This chapter details a community collaboration across borders and the processes that were operationalized to resist the trappings of International Social Work. The project was born out of a discussion in a coffee shop about the impacts of violence against women in Nicaragua – specifically, the forcible displacement of women. The cross-border collaboration was initiated to interrogate the structures of patriarchy and machismo – specifically gender-based violence and the commercial sexual exploitation of children. To do so, we designed the project to cultivate localized knowledge and community solutions. Using a community-based participatory approach in our qualitative research, we attempted to center the voices of women and service providers. The initial goal was to map service provision and determine the needs of each community. This needs assessment allowed for the team to determine locally based solutions to prevent gender-based violence and methods to strengthen interventions. This project occurred at a time when conflicting influences were attempting to reshape social work practice in Nicaragua. Government attention favored financial interests, solidifying the central role of neoliberalism in dictating the direction of the state, the social safety net, and the potential for social work intervention.

Keywords

Nicaragua International Social Work Violence against Women Collaboration Qualitative Social Work 

References

  1. Asociación La Amistad [Friendship Association] (2003) La prostitución de las niñas, niños y adolescentes en el ámbito urbano del municipio de Matagalpa y la disposición institucional para la prevención y protección especial. Foro Protección de la Niñez, MatagalpaGoogle Scholar
  2. Bourgois P (1981) Class, ethnicity, and the state among the Miskitu Amerindians of northeastern Nicaragua. Lat Am Persp 8:22–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bradshaw S (2008) From structural adjustment to social adjustment: a gendered analysis of conditional cash transfer programmes in Mexico and Nicaragua. Glob Soc Pol 8:188–207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bruckert C, Parent C (2006) The in-call sex industry: classed and gendered labour on the margins. In: Balfour G, Comack E (eds) Criminalizing women: gender and (in)justice in neo-liberal times. Fernwood Publishing, Halifax, pp 95–112Google Scholar
  5. Butcher H (2007) What is critical community practice? Cases studies and analysis. In: Butcher H, Banks S, Henderson P, Robertson J (eds) Critical community practice. Policy Press, Bristol, pp 33–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Carranza ME (2015) Trafficking of women and children in Latin America. In: Wright JD (ed) International encyclopedia of the behavioral and social science. Social work subsection, 2nd edn. Elsevier, Oxford, pp 512–516Google Scholar
  7. Carranza ME (2016) International social work: silent testimonies of the coloniality of power. Int Soc Wor 61:341–352CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Carranza M (2019) Global Agendas–Local Realities: Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in Chinandega, Nicaragua—“A Break from Their Ordinary Life…”. Journal of Human Trafficking, 1–16Google Scholar
  9. Carranza ME, Parada H, Herrera López LA, Jiménez I, Torres AI, Acuña Urbina Y (2008) Empowering women against the commercial sexual exploitation of children: developing an international partnership for research and action. SSHRC – International Development Grant, TorontoGoogle Scholar
  10. Carranza ME, López-Herrera LA, Parada H, Jiménez I (2013) Granada, a city under siege: dynamics of child’s sexual commercial sexual exploitation as a human rights issue in Nicaragua. J Glo Cit Equ Edu 2:21–36Google Scholar
  11. Clandinin DJ (ed) (2006) Handbook of narrative inquiry: mapping a methodology. Sage, Thousand OaksGoogle Scholar
  12. Cunningham-Kain M (2006) Racism and ethnic discrimination in Nicaragua. Centro para la Autonomía y Desarrollo de los Pueblos Indígenas, BilwiGoogle Scholar
  13. Denzin NK, Lincoln YS (eds) (2011) The sage handbook of qualitative research. Sage, Los AngelesGoogle Scholar
  14. Denzin NK (2005) Introduction: The discipline and practice of qualitative research. In: NK Denzin, YS Lincoln (Eds.), Handbook of qualitative research (3rd ed.), Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA USA (2005), 1–32Google Scholar
  15. Diskin M, Bossert T, Nahmad S, Varese S (1986) Peace and autonomy on the Atlantic Coast of Nicaragua. LASA Forum, XVI 4:1–9Google Scholar
  16. El-Lahib, Y (2015) Ableism, racism and colonialism in Canadian immigration: exploring constructions of people with disabilities (Doctoral dissertation). HamiltonGoogle Scholar
  17. Freire P (1970) Pedagogy of the oppressed. Herder and Herder, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  18. Gamble DN, Weil M (2010) Community practice skills: local to global perspectives. Columbia University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  19. Gilgun JF, Daly K, Handel G (1992) Qualitative methods in family research. Sage, Newbury ParkGoogle Scholar
  20. Healy LM, Link RJ (eds) (2012) Handbook of international social work: human rights, development, and the global profession. Oxford University Press, USAGoogle Scholar
  21. Hiranandani V (2011) Canadian identity: implications for international social work by Canadians. Cri Soc Wor 12:87–100Google Scholar
  22. Hooker J (2009) Afro-descendant struggles for collective rights in Latin America. In: New social movements in the African diaspora. Palgrave Macmillan, New York, pp 139–153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Israel BA, Schultz AJ, Parker EA, Becker AB, Allen AJ, Guzman R (2003) Critical issues in developing and following community-based participatory research principles. In: Minkler M, Wallerstein N (eds) Community based participatory research for health. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, pp 53–76Google Scholar
  24. Jaggar AM (2015) Just methods: an interdisciplinary feminist reader. Routledge, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Janesick V (1994) The dance of qualitative research design: metaphor, methodology, and meaning. In: Denzin N, Lincoln Y (eds) Handbook of qualitative research. Sage, Thousand Oaks, pp 209–219Google Scholar
  26. Kitzinger J (1995) Qualitative research: introducing focus groups. BMJ 311(7000):299–302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Kreitzer L, Wilson M (2010) Shifting perspectives on international alliances in social work: lessons from Ghana and Nicaragua. Int Soc Wor 53:701–719CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Lingham L (2013) Development theories and community development practice: trajectory of changes. In: Weil M, Reisch M, Ohmer M (eds) The handbook of community practice, 2nd edn. Sage, Thousand OaksGoogle Scholar
  29. Lyons K (2016) International social work: themes and perspectives. Routledge, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Maldonado-Torres N (2007) On the coloniality of being: contributions to the development of a concept. Cult Stud 21:240–270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Martínez Sotelo D, Zúñiga FM (2007) No mas vidas truncadas: Documento delitos de violencia sexual contra niñas y adolescentes en cinco departamentos de Nicaragua. IXCHEN, ManaguaGoogle Scholar
  32. Mason J (2002) Qualitative researching, 2nd edn. Sage, LondonGoogle Scholar
  33. McCall L (2005) The complexity of intersectionality. Signs 30:1771–1800CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Merrill T (1993) Nicaragua: A Country Study: End of the Anastasio Somoza Debayle Era, The Sandinista Revolution, and The Sandinista Years, 1979–90. Library of Congress Country StudiesGoogle Scholar
  35. Molyneux M (1985) Mobilization without emancipation? Women’s interests, the state, and revolution in Nicaragua. Fem Stud 11:227–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Ndlovu-Gatsheni SJ (2012) Coloniality of power in development studies and the impact of global imperial designs on Africa. Australas Rev Afr Stud 33:48–73Google Scholar
  37. Neumann P (2017) When laws are not enough: violence against women and bureaucratic practice in Nicaragua. Soc Forces 95:1105–1125Google Scholar
  38. Parada H (2007) Social work in Latin America: regional perspectives from Latin America. J Int Soc Wor 50:560–569CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Quijano A (2007) Coloniality and modernity/rationality. Cul Stud 21:168–178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Quijano A (2008) El movimiento indigena y las cuestiones pendientes en America Latina. El Cotidiano 23:107–120Google Scholar
  41. Radcliffe SA (2002) Indigenous women, rights and the nation-state in the Andes. In: Craske N, Molyneux M (eds) Gender and the politics of rights and democracy in Latin America. Palgrave Macmillan, London, pp 149–172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Razack N (2002) A critical examination of international student exchanges. Int Soc Wor 45:251–265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Razack N (2009) Decolonizing the pedagogy and practice of international social work. Int Soc Wor 52:9–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Safa HI (2005) Challenging mestizaje: a gender perspective on indigenous and afrodescendant movements in Latin America. Crit Anthrop 25:307–330CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Sawyer JM (2014) Crossing boundaries: building a model to effectively address difference in community practice. Virginia Commonwealth University, RichmondGoogle Scholar
  46. Staples L (2012) Community organizing for social justice: grassroots groups for power. Social Work with Groups 35(3):287–296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Strauss A, Corbin J (1990) Basic qualitative research: grounded theory procedures and techniques. Sage, Newbury ParkGoogle Scholar
  48. Strauss A, Corbin J (1994) Grounded theory methodology: an overview. In: Denzin NK, Lincoln YS (eds) Handbook of qualitative research. Sage, Thousand Oaks, pp 273–285Google Scholar
  49. U.S. Department of State (2005) Office to monitor and combat trafficking in persons. U.S. Department of State: trafficking in persons report – Nicaragua. U.S. Department of State, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  50. U.S. Department of State (2015) Office to monitor and combat trafficking in persons. U.S. Department of State: trafficking in persons report – Nicaragua. U.S. Department of State, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  51. United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) (2003) Información por países sobre explotación sexual comercial y trata de niñas, niños y adolescentes. Cooperación Italiana, SICA, Santo DomingoGoogle Scholar
  52. Walker TW, Wade CJ (2016) Nicaragua: emerging from the shadow of the eagle. Westview Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  53. Wehbi S, Parada H, George P, Lessa I (2016) Going home: social work across and about borders. Int Soc Wor 59:284–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Weil MO, Gamble DN, Ohmer ML (2013) Evolution, models, and the changing context of community practice. In: Reisch WMM, Ohmer ML (eds) The handbook of community practice. Sage, Thousand Oaks, pp 167–193CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mirna E. Carranza
    • 1
    Email author
  • María Isolda Jiménez Peralta
    • 2
  • Luz Angelina López Herrera
    • 2
  • Martha Miuriel Suárez Soza
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Social WorkMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada
  2. 2.Facultad Regional Multidisciplinaria Estelí [Regional Multidisciplinary Faculty-Estelí] (FAREM-Managua)EsteliNicaragua

Personalised recommendations