Slavery, Health, and Epidemics in Mauritius 1721–1860

  • Sadasivam Jaganada Reddi
  • Sheetal Sheena SookrajowaEmail author
Reference work entry


The decline of the slave population during French and British occupation from 1721 to 1870, the high mortality rate, and the impact of epidemics have been less thoroughly examined than other aspects of slavery. The standard work on slave demography remains Kuczynski’s Demographic Survey of the British Empire published in 1949. A few detailed studies on some aspects of the slave population in recent years have helped to clarify certain issues, but most works on slavery remain general (Barker 1996; Teelock 1998; Valentine 2000). This chapter relies on existing studies to provide a survey of the slave population in Mauritius before and after abolition of slavery in 1835 and to look at the major factors that impacted on the slave demography, with a focus on health and epidemics.


Slavery Health Epidemics Population 


  1. Allen RB (1999) Slaves, freedmen, & indentured laborers in colonial Mauritius. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UKGoogle Scholar
  2. Allen RB (2000) The traffic of several nations – the Mauritius slave trade. In: Teelock, Alpers (eds) History, memory and identity. University of Mauritius 2000, MauritiusGoogle Scholar
  3. Barker AJ (1996) Slavery and anti-slavery in Mauritius, 1810–33 – the conflict between economic expansion and humanitarian reform under British rule. Palgrave Macmillan, BasingstokeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Blue Book of the colony of Mauritius and its dependencies 1826 B6Google Scholar
  5. Blue Book of the colony of Mauritius and its dependencies 1834Google Scholar
  6. Blue Book of the colony of Mauritius and its dependencies 1835Google Scholar
  7. Bernardin de Saint-Pierre B (2002) Journey to Mauritius (trans: Wilson J). OxfordGoogle Scholar
  8. Census of Mauritius (1851) Report of the Commisioner appointed to take census of the Island of Mauritius and its dependencies, November 1851 JR Wilson & Co.1853Google Scholar
  9. Deerpalsingh S, Carter M (eds) (2015) Stanley to Gomm. 22 January 1842. Select documents on Indian immigration Mauritius 1836–1926, vol 1. Mahatma Gandhi Institute, Mauritius, p 70Google Scholar
  10. Freycinet RMP (1996) Rose des vents: journal de madame rose de saulces: voyage de l’Uranie autour du monde, (1817–1820). Collection Mascarin, Ste. ClotildeGoogle Scholar
  11. Hoolass DCV (1998) Epidemiology and the lower classes: a case study of the Cholera Epidemic of 1854 in Mauritius. University of Mauritius, ReduitGoogle Scholar
  12. Kuczynski RR (1949) Demographic survey of the British empire, vol 2. Oxford University Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  13. Milbert JG (1812) Voyage Pittoresque à l’Ile Maurice, au Cap de Bonne Espérance et à l’Ile de Teneriffe. A. Nepveu, ParisGoogle Scholar
  14. Noel K (1991) L’esclavage à l’ile de France. Editions Two Cities, ParisGoogle Scholar
  15. North- Coombes (1978) Labour problems in the sugar industry of Ile De France or Mauritius 1790–1842 (unpublished M.A dissertation Cape Town, 1978). p 88Google Scholar
  16. Nwulia M (1981) The history of slavery in Mauritius and the Seychelles, 1810–1875. Rutherford Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, D. E., London/TorontoGoogle Scholar
  17. Reddi S (1989) Aspects of slavery during the British administration. In: Bisoondoyal, Servansingh (eds) Slavery in the south West Indian Ocean. Mahatma Gandhi Institute, Mauritius, pp 106–123Google Scholar
  18. Report from the Acting General Sanitary Inspector of the epidemic Fever of 1866–1867. Mauritius October 1868. p 20Google Scholar
  19. Teelock V (1998) Bitter sugar: sugar and slavery in 19th century Mauritius. Mahatma Gandhi Institute, MokaGoogle Scholar
  20. The Mauritius Alamanach (1900), The Mauritius Stationery and Printing Co. Ltd, 1900.Google Scholar
  21. Toussaint, A (1973) Port Louis, a tropical city (trans. by W.E.F. Ward [R]). London : Allen and UnwinGoogle Scholar
  22. Valentine B (2000) The dark soul of the people. Slaves in Mauritius, Computer file S0102. Rhodes University, Grahamstown, Pretoria: South African Data Archive, National Research Foundation 2001Google Scholar
  23. Wanquet C (1979) Histoire d’une révolution. La Réunion (1789–1803). Annales historiques de la Révolution française. pp 495–506Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sadasivam Jaganada Reddi
    • 1
  • Sheetal Sheena Sookrajowa
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.RéduitMauritius
  2. 2.Department of History and Political Science, Faculty of Social Sciences and HumanitiesUniversity of MauritiusRéduitMauritius

Section editors and affiliations

  • Lyndon Fraser

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations