Gongchangling Iron Deposit in Anshan, Liaoning
Reference work entry
This is one of the most important iron deposits in China. Located in the Gongchangling District, Liaoyang City, Liaoning Province, the Gongchangling iron deposit covers an area of 38 km 2. Formed by metamorphosed iron sediment from marine volcanoes, it is called an ‘Anshan-type iron ore deposit’. The iron-bearing rocks include amphibolite, mica-quartz schist, albite, granodiorite and ferri-quartzite of the Archaean Anshan Group. Low-iron quartzite (iron content of approximately 30%) in bands makes up the majority of the ore. Ancient mining remains are in the area. Local records indicate that melting furnaces were constructed in Gongchangling in the 1200s (Fig. 22).
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