Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Geopark Harz Braunschweiger Land Ostfalen, Germany

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_820

This geopark has an area of 11.5 km2, is located in northern Germany and is surrounded by the Harz Mountains. It became a global geopark in 2005. The motto of the Brownswell Geopark is ‘The history of the Earth is the cornerstone of the development of industrial society’. On the northern edge of the Harz Mountains, the Palaeozoic rocks are thrusted over steeply dipping to inverted Mesozoic layered rocks. Due to the many excellent outcrops of thrust faults, the geologic history can be observed clearly. Therefore, the area between Goslar and Harzburg is called a typical geological area of the region and is representative of the entire geopark. In addition, the Harz region had an important historical role in early human history, with the prehistoric Graff wines and famous excavation sites. Neanderthal caves, the “Unicorn Cave” in Salzgitter and the Schöningen spears, the earliest human hunting weapons, are all important cultural relics.

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