Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Geopark

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_817

A geopark is a single unified geographical area with a clear boundary bearing unique scientific significance, rare natural attributes, remarkable aesthetic value and definite geological heritage that is integrated with other natural or cultural landscapes. Geoparks primarily promote earth science but also have sightseeing, leisure resorts, health care and research purposes. According to the significance of the natural resources and approval authority, geoparks can be divided into international level (approved by UNESCO) and national level (approved by the country’s respective authority). In China, national level geoparks are approved by the Ministry of Land and Resources, and there are also provincial and municipal levels that are approved by the provincial and municipal Land and Resources Department or Bureau, respectively. The objectives of geoparks are to protect geological heritage and the natural environment, popularise earth science, enhance national scientific quality, develop...

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020