Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Forest Ecosystem Landscape

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_739

A forest ecosystem is a type of ecological landscape that mainly consists of ecological landscape systems composed of biotic communities associated with woodlands (including flora, fauna and microorganisms) and the associated abiotic environment (such as light, heat, water, air and soil). Forest ecosystems include tropical rainforests, subtropical evergreen broadleaf forests and cold temperate coniferous forests, all of which are mainly located in wet or moist regions. They are characterised by abundant plant species, complex vegetation communities and stable plant species density and plant communities. Forest ecosystems generally consist of trees with few shrubs and herbs as well as a wide range of fauna species. Because it is easier to find food and shelter in trees, there is a good variety of tree-living and tree-climbing animals, such as hornbills, tree frogs, squirrels, martens, queen monkeys, tarsiers and gibbons.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020