Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Flammule or Buddha Light Landscape

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_715

Flammules, also known as buddha lights or rings, are peculiar optical phenomena in the atmosphere. They normally appear in cloud-covered high mountains at middle or low latitudes due to the diffraction of inclined sunlight by water vapour. The light usually produces gorgeous colours with a radiant glow that follows people’s movements. It has become an important tourist attraction at high elevations. It can be found in Haz Mountain in Germany, Baregg Mountain in Switzerland, and Lushan, Taishan and Emeishan in China. The flammule of Emeishan is particularly spectacular. More than 320 days per year are foggy, with an average of 8.9 foggy days and 7.4 rainy days out of every 10 days. Therefore, flammule can usually be seen at the top of the mountain.

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