Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Fengcong or Conical Karst Landscape

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_696
This is a landform composed of limestone peaks connected at their bases (yakou, saddles or cols), and this is its main difference from a peak forest. In addition, they are generally conical, larger, and have normal slopes. China’s cone karst landform covers a total area of approximately 12,500 km 2. The main outcrops are located in western Guangxi Province, southern Guizhou Province, and eastern Yunnan Province, and a few outcrops are located in southern Hunan Province and northern Guangdong Province. There are also a few scattered locations in Fujian Province, Zhejiang Province and northern China. Based on the morphology and outcrop location, this landform can be divided into watershed peak clusters, valley peak clusters, island peak clusters, edge peak clusters, deep depression peak clusters and shallow ditch peak clusters. Based on the age of the rock formation, these landforms can be divided into the Pre-Cambrian peak clusters, Cambrian peak clusters, Ordovician peak clusters,...
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