Eifel Maars Landscape, Germany
Reference work entry
This is a volcanic landscape characterised by a low-lying crater. Eifel Maar is located to the northwest of Rheinish Slate Mountain in central Europe. There are currently 350 volcanic eruption locations. The Eifel Maar volcanic area is well known for its low and flat craters. Single volcanoes formed here when ultrabasic magma (with SiO 2 content below 45%) rose to the surface. Several volcanoes are famous for the presence of upper mantle masses. K/Ar dating shows that the youngest phase of volcanic activity started approximately 1 million years ago. Of the 270 Quaternary volcanic vents, the youngest is only 10,000 years old. The volcanic activity is likely to occur in the future (Fig. 4).
© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020