Cultural Landscape Resources of Famous Mountains
Reference work entry
This is a landscape comprising mountains renowned for their scenery, Buddhism and Taoism. China has many famous mountains, of which the Five Mountains rank first, whereas each of them has distinctive scenery, such as Taishan’s majesty, Huashan’s steepness, Southern Hengshan’s clouds and mist, Northern Hengshan’s ruggedness and Songshan’s elegance. In addition, the Huangshan Mountain has long been famous for its distinctive pines, unique rocks, sea of clouds and hot springs. China’s famous mountains have long been places of worship for Buddhists and Taoists, and some were given their names to facilitate Buddhism and Taoism practices, such as the Gold Wutai Mountain, Silver Putuo Mountain, Copper Emei Mountain and Iron Jiuhua Mountain, which are associated with Buddhism, and Wudang Mountain, Qingcheng Mountain, Lungfu Mountain, Qiyun Mountain and Sanqing Mountain, which are associated with Taoism (Fig. 64).
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