Reference work entry
A cliff carving is a type of stone carving with inscriptions on natural rock walls used to record particular incidents. Well-preserved cliff carvings are popular in many major scenic areas and historical sites in China. Eight sites in Shandong, Shaanxi, Hunan, Hubei, Sichuan, Yunnan and Fujian Provinces have been designated as major cultural relic preservation sites. The styles of calligraphy of the cliff carvings include zhuanshu (seal script), lishu (official script), kaishu (regular script), caoshu (cursive script) and xingshu (running script). The contents of the carvings are extensive, including literature, biographies, history, medicine and water conservancy. There are also abundant cliff carvings at Huangshan Mountain, Taishan Mountain and Hengshan Mountain (Fig. 37).
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