Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Chrysanthemum Stone

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_323
This is also known as stone chrysanthemum and was first discovered during the Qing Dynasty Qianlong years by a craftsman while collecting stones for building foundations. This stone gets its name from its radial pattern, which looks like a white chrysanthemum on a black base. It is composed of a greyish black base plate and whitish ‘petal’. It sometimes has a distinctive pattern like a colourful autumn chrysanthemum flower with different forms of ‘petals’ composed of andalusite, lapis lazuli or calcite. These stones formed approximately 250 million years ago in limestone layers deposited in a shallow sea during the Lower Permian. They are the result of metasomatic recrystallisation of carbonate rock and have a very fine texture suitable for crafting. Because they often contain selenium and strontium, they have become popular for making tea sets. This stone was first discovered in Yonghe Town in Liuyang, Hunan Province, and similar stones were later found in Hubei, Shaanxi, Jiangxi,...
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