Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Chinese Geopark, Brief History

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_310

Chinese geopark development began in the 1980s with the initiative to protect natural geological reserves and form a complete geopark system with different levels of protection. China’s geoparks have undergone more than 30 years of development. At the end of the 1970s, to protect geological heritage and meet the increasing demand of the tourism industry, Chinese scientists began studying the application of earth science to the tourism industry. In April 1985, under the auspices of Professor Anze Chen, the Chinese Tourism Earth Science Research Association, a standing committee of the Geological Society of China, was established and formally proposed to the State Council to establish ‘Earth Science Parks’ throughout the country. This was the first time that the term ‘earth science park’ was used in China and probably in the world. In November 1985, the Chinese Tourism Earth Science Research Associationproposed the establishment of the Wulingyuan National Geopark (Zhangjiajie) at the...

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020