Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

China Danxia, China

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_302

China Danxia is a generic name used by Chinese scientists to describe the unique landform created by the deposition of terrestrial materials to form red sandstones and conglomerates that were then uplifted by subsequent external forces, including tectonic movements, weathering and erosion. The world heritage site comprises six sites in southeastern China, including Chishui in Guizhou, Taining in Fujian, Kunshan in Hunan, Danxiashan in Guangdong, Longhushan in Jiangxi (including Guifeng) and Jianglangshan in Zhejiang. The landform is characterised by spectacular red cliffs and several types of eroded features, including majestic natural rock pillars, rock towers, gullies, canyons, and waterfalls. The topography of the landform creates ideal habitats for fauna and flora, including approximately 400 rare or endangered species and subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forests.

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