Zhangzhou Volcano Landscape, Zhangzhou
Reference work entry
This is a volcanic landscape located in the Longhai, Futan and Huiliu areas around Fuzhou City and Zhangzhou City. The volcanoes are composed of Miocene basalts. The Niutoushan crater is typical. It is located near the coast, and the exposed basalt columns form the crater. Isotope dating has dated the rocks to 11.7, 13.8, 16.7, 17.9 and 19.2 million years ago (early and middle Miocene). The Zhangzhou volcano landscape is rich in stone columns, and Nanxun Island is completely composed of basalt columns. The associated scenery is breath-taking. There are numerous lava pools with no base, which are typical. The Zhangzhou Volcano erupted concurrently with the adjacent Penghu Volcano; hence, they have many similarities but also unique characteristics (Fig. 4).
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