Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Chemical Weathering

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_291

Landforms can be formed by chemical weathering, which includes reactions between the soil, rock and water or other solutions. The common types of chemical weathering include solution, hydration, hydrolysis, oxidation and carbonation, which not only break down the rocks but also alter the mineral and chemical compositions, forming new substances. Chemical weathering is most significant in hot and humid conditions. The chemical weathering of hard granite into white kaolin in southern China is a typical example.

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