Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Xindong Man Site

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_2823

The Xingdong Man site is another discovery in Zhoukoudian, Beijing. It was found in 1967 in a limestone cave in Longgu Hill in Zhoukoudian. This cave had undergone a simple excavation in 1938, during which several fossils and stone artefacts were discovered. In 1967, red guards composed of several local and international secondary school students visited the site and found a new cave; therefore, the site was given the name Xingdong, which literally means ‘new cave’. Excavation at spot number 4 began in March 1973. The Xingdong cave is arc-shaped with a deposit that is more than 2 m thick and 10 m wide. The first molar of the left jaw of a human was excavated. The tooth morphology is between those of the Peking Man and the Upper Cave Man, and it belongs to an early Homo sapiens. The cave contains a thick layer of ash with burned stones, bones and hackberry seeds. The mammal fossils include more than 40 species. The fauna combinations indicate an age from the early stage of the Late...

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