Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Western Ghats, India

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_2760

The main part of the Western Ghats Mountain Range is located within the territory of Karnataka, India. The mountains are older than the Himalayas and exhibit unique geomorphological, biological and ecological processes. Its forest ecosystem influences the monsoon climate in India; it mitigates the local climate and is one of the best examples of a monsoon system on Earth. The biodiversity of the heritage site is extremely high, and it contains numerous endemic species. It is considered one of the top eight biodiversity areas in the world. The forests within the site, comprising some of the finest examples of non-equatorial tropical evergreen forests in the world, are home to at least 325 species of globally endangered plants, animals, birds, amphibians, reptiles, and fish.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020