Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Central Catalonia Global Geopark, Spain

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_268

This geopark was established based on the Geological and Mineral Park in Central Catalonia. It became a global geopark in 2012. Its main attractions include stratigraphy, sedimentology, tectonics, karst systems, palaeontology and palaeoanthropology. The biota in the sedimentary rocks illustrate the rich and varied life throughout geological history. The most famous and abundant fossils are the marine organic organisms that lived in a warm shallow sea 55 million years ago. The Catalonian Potash Basin, Europe’s largest potash mineralisation region, is also the world’s best example of evaporate deposits, which are derived from seawater evaporation. Important heritage from the mining activities in the area remains. The exploitation of rock salt first occurred here during the Neolithic period and continued until the Roman Empire. Workshops using traditional techniques such as kilns and porcelain firing are also important tourist attractions.

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