Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Tourism Geological Environment

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_2537

The tourism geological environment refers to the geological and geomorphological background and conditions of tourist sites. It specifically refers to the combination of strata, rocks, geological structures, geomorphology and landforms of a scenic site or location. The attractions of the natural landscapes, such as peaks, valleys, caves, rocks, rivers, lakes, waterfalls, and springs, are the products of geological processes and are controlled by geological factors. Tectonic processes generating the structural features and their characteristics, occurrence and scale play controlling roles in the formation and development of natural landscapes. From a macro-scale perspective, they control the geomorphic pattern, shape, orientation and elevation of mountain ranges and the formation of water systems, rivers, lakes and groundwater. From the micro-scale point of view, they also control the forms of peaks, valleys, caves, and springs in an area. The tourism geological environment is an...

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