Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Tourism Anthropology

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_2505

Tourism anthropology is the study of the relationships among residents in tourist destinations, social organizations, tourism developers and tourists from cultural and aesthetic perspectives. During the 1970s and 1980s, the main goal of tourism anthropology was to study the influence of tourism on the society and culture of a destination. In the 1990s, researchers began studying the sustainable development of tourism, and they started to think about how to achieve social and cultural sustainability. Anthropologists who focus on the society of tourism destinations believe that tourism triggers social and cultural changes; thus, they view tourism as a form of internalization and development and as a superstructure that depends on other more fundamental social elements.

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