Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Terrestrial Facies

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_2450

Synonym: Continental facies

Terrestrial facies, also called continental facies, are deposits, rocks or strata that form in terrestrial environments. Based on the depositional environment and sediment characteristics, terrestrial facies can be further divided into fluvial facies, remnant facies, diluvial facies, proluvial facies, lacustrine facies, swamp facies, desert facies and glacial facies. Terrestrial facies are characterized by numerous rock types and significant lateral changes. Common rock types are clastic rocks and clay rocks, but some terrestrial lakes and swamps mainly contain chemical and biochemical rocks (Table 2).
Table 2

Types of Fluvial Facies

Micro-landform

Sedimentation type

Formation cause – sectional type

Riverbed

Convex bank (shore)

Channel bar (river island)

Delayed deposition

Convex bank (river bank deposition)

Depositional channel bar

Bottom deposition (river channel deposition)

Natural embankment,

Flood fan on channel bar, Floodplain

Natural embankment deposit

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020