Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Tarbosaurus or Tarbosaurs

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_2427
This dinosaur belongs to the Tyrannosaurus family and was first discovered in Outer Mongolia. In 2010, similar fossils were unearthed in Kazuo County, Chaoyang City, Liaoning Province; hence, it is known as the ‘Chinese Tyrannosaur’. It was probably the largest terrestrial carnivorous dinosaur on Earth. It lived during the Late Cretaceous. The fossil is 12 m long and approximately 4 m tall, and it has a heavy skull that is 1.58 m long. The head is high on the side with two large eye holes in the front, and the teeth are well developed. The forelimbs are thin and degenerated, with two fingers on each limb. However, the hind legs are strong enough to facilitate running at a speed of approximately 40 km per hour. They gathered together to hunt and eat, and their teeth and hind legs were effective tools. They preyed on large plant-eating dinosaurs such as the Triceratops (Fig. 12).
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