Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Strait Landscape

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_2343

A strait landscape consists of narrow elongated waterways that separate two continents, a continent from an island or an island from another island. There are thousands of straits around the world; approximately 130 are navigable, and more than 40 are major international navigation waterways. They are important channels that link oceans and seas. Typical examples are the Taiwan Strait, Strait of Malacca, Strait of Gibraltar, Strait of Bosporus and Dardanelles Strait. Straits form through the prolonged erosion of land by seawater along fissures on an isthmus or by the submergence of lowlands or depressions on subsiding land. In general, straits have deep water with torrents and eddies. They also have important military and shipping significance. There are three main straits in China: (1) the Taiwan Strait, which links the East China Sea and the South China Sea and has a total length of 380 km; (2) the Bohai Strait, which links the Bohai Sea and Huanghai Sea and is 115 km long; and (3)...

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