Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Burqin Kanas Lake National Geopark, Xinjiang

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_210

This geopark became a national geopark in 2004. It is located in the northern Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, which is under the jurisdiction of Burqin County in the Altay Region, near the border between China and Kazakhstan, Russia, and Mongolia. The Kanas River basin is the only basin upstream of the Irtysh River in the Arctic Ocean. The park includes four scenic districts: Kanas Lake, Hewan, Black Lake, and East Sileke. It is mainly composed of Quaternary glacial remains, geological structures, and flowing water landscape features. Kanas is the Mongolian word for ‘lake in the canyon’. The Lanshan Ice Lake and Moon Bay, which are represented by Kanas Lake, are typical landscapes that were formed by glaciers, flowing water, and tectonics during the Quaternary approximately 2.6 million years ago. Kanas Lake is a glacial and faulted lake. Glaciers, glacial boulders, ice erosion lakes, glacier-shaped valleys, hills, glacial terraces, rocky rivers, icicles, nicks, ridges, horns and...

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