Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Brazilian Atlantic Islands, Brazil

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_198

Fernando de Noronha and Atol das Rocas Reserves are located in the Atlantic northeast of Rio Grande do Sul in eastern Brazil. Their core protected area covers 422.7 km2. These islands and atolls formed from the exposure of the South Atlantic Seamounts above sea level. They are outstanding representatives of the islands in the South Atlantic region and are primary bases for the breeding and feeding of tuna, sharks, sea turtles and marine mammals. The island area is also home to the greatest concentration of tropical seabirds in the western Atlantic Ocean. The Bay of Goffenjo is a haven for dolphins, and the Roccas Atoll has spectacular lagoons, tidal pools, fish pools and seascapes at low tide. The region is a natural aquarium in the tropical waters of the South Atlantic Ocean.

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