Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Pyrenees – Mont Perdu, France and Spain

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_1967

These mountains are located on the border between southwestern France and northeastern Spain. The cross-border heritage site was expanded in 1999, and the core protection area now covers 306 km2. The remarkable mountain scenery extends around Mount Perdu, a limestone block that reaches 3,352 m above sea level. On the Spanish side, there are two of Europe’s largest and deepest canyons, and the area near the French border has three steep walls that form a circular depression (‘tiankeng’, or large sinkhole), which is a classic example of similar geological landscapes. The prairie landscape of the heritage site hosted the once widely popular agricultural lifestyle of the mountain areas of Europe, which is only preserved today in this small part of the Pyrenees. The heritage site provides unique insights into the past European society with unique villages, farms, fields, highland pastures, and scenic mountain roads.

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