Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Petrified Forest of Lesvos, Greece

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_1866

This site is located in the northeastern Aegean Sea and covers an area of 1,630 km2. Lesvos became a member of the Global Geoparks Network in 2004. The island on which the geopark is located is one of the largest islands in Greece and is shaped like a leaf. The island has fertile land and is rich in biodiversity. There are numerous silver-white olive trees, dark green pine trees, grey-green oak trees and unique wild flowers. On the western coast of the island, volcanic rock outcrops extend along the Aegean Sea, and the continual erosion has exposed ancient plant fossils. Visitors can learn about the legend of the disappearance of Atlantis and imagine the volcanic eruption 20 million years ago that destroyed the northern part of the Aegean Sea and turned it into a sea of fire.

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