Palaeosol or Palaeosoil
Reference work entry
A palaeosol is a historical soil layer preserved in rock strata. Palaeosols are mainly found in loess deposits. They formed under warm and humid climate conditions in which loess deposition was temporarily interrupted, followed by podsolisation of the loess that had accumulated earlier. Palaeosols mainly consist of brown and cinnamon soil. The former is a warm temperate forest soil, and the latter is a semi-arid steppe soil. Palaeosols are important for studying changes in palaeoclimate and palaeogeography (Fig. 4).
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