Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian


Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_1757

Noosphere is the sphere of human thought. The word derives from the Greek’s words ‘mind’ and ‘sphere’, in lexical analogy to ‘atmosphere’ and ‘biosphere’, respectively. It was introduced by Pierre Teilhard de Chardin in 1922 in his Cosmo Genesis. Due to the development of human civilization, the part of the biosphere that has been continuously transformed is a unique geographical circle on the Earth’s surface that is also known as the human circle or technological circle. As human civilization continues to evolve, it strongly influences the other layers, particularly the biosphere of the Earth’s surface. Its ability to influence and control humans has become so strong that it is an important part of the Earth’s circle.

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