Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Meteorite Tourism

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_1552

Landscapes created by meteorite impacts are interesting tourism destinations. Meteorites are meteoroids that land on the ground. The rocks formed are called meteorolites or meteoric stones, and those with high iron contents are called aerosiderites or iron meteorites. Meteoric ice may also be present during a meteoroid landing. Each year, 1,500 meteorites with a mass greater than 100 kg pass through the atmosphere. Most are reduced to approximately 10 kg by the time they reach the ground. The current global collection of major meteorites includes approximately 1,700 pieces. They can be classified into three major groups: meteorolites, aerosiderites, and lithosiderites or stony-iron meteorites. There are less than 100 meteorite museums in the world. They are important tourist attractions and venues for astronomical science popularisation and research. In China, the Jilin Meteorite Museum displays the world’s largest meteorite, Jilin No. 1, which weighs 1,770 kg. The Xinjiang Meteorite...

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