Reference work entry
Mammoth is a genera Elephantidae of Proboscidea. The prehistoric mammoth was gigantic with a height of approximately 4 m. They disappeared approximately 10,000 years ago. The existing Asian elephants and African elephants evolved from mammoths. China was the birthplace of the steppe mammoth (Mammuthus trogontherii). In 1973, China’s first complete set of Songhua River Mammoth fossils was unearthed in Sanzhan Town, Zhaoyuan County. In 1992, woolly mammoth fossils were discovered in Dashahe in northern Gushan Town, Changqing District, Jinan City, Shandong Province, which is in the southernmost part of the northern hemisphere. One-million-year-old mammoth fossils were also found in Xiwangpo in Baodianin Town, Changzhi County, and in Lingshang Village in Tunliu County, Changzhi, Shanxi Province. China’s largest mammoth skeleton was unearthed in the Zhalainoel Coal Mine in Lulunbuir City, Inner Mongolia, in 1980 (Fig. 8).
© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020