Longshan Culture (Black Pottery Culture)
Reference work entry
The Longshan culture site is a Neolithic relic site in the middle and lower courses of Huanghe (Yellow River). The Longshan culture, which existed 4,000–5,000 years ago, developed following the Yangshao culture. Unlike the Yangshao Painted Pottery Culture, this culture was characterised by black and grey pottery, which was where it gets the name ‘Black Pottery Culture’. The Longshan culture belongs to the Neolithic period in China. The Qijia culture in the upper course of Huanghe, the Laohushan (Tiger Hill) culture in Inner Mongolia, the Kano relic site in Changdu, Tibet, and the Liangzhu culture south of the Yangtze River are equivalent to the Longshan culture. Agriculture in the Longshan culture was more prominent and intense than the previous one. Stone tools advanced with the manufacturing of jade and copper tools. In addition to domestic animals such as pigs, dogs and chicken, sheep and horses that came from the west were also raised. This is a strong proof of frequent cultural...
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