Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Landscapes for Geotourism

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_1352

The factors that affect the formation of the landscape by geological and geographical factors can be summarised as: 1. material – rocks, soil, water and air are the basic components of any landscape; 2. dynamics – crustal movements, volcanic activity, earthquakes, metamorphism and other endogenic or internal forces and erosion, transportation, deposition and other exogenic or external geological forces; 3. geological structure –the background of the landscape as well as the rock strata and characteristics (e.g., horizontal, inclined or folded); 4. geography –the location, latitude, elevation, climate, temperature, humidity, rain, wind, sunshine and vegetation; and 5. time – the time of the formation of the rocks that form the landscape. Tourism earth science can be complicated because it is an integration of numerous geological and geographical factors.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020