Landscape is a general term for everything that can be observed and perceived. Different disciplines have different definitions of landscape. Geography interprets it as the appearance of the surface of the Earth, including the natural landscape, the natural complex and the human landscape, which means the characteristics of the surface in a certain area that are different from those in other areas. Landscape ecology explains it as ‘a heterogeneous mosaic of an ecosystem’. In gardens, it is often regarded as ‘scenery’. Tourism earth science uses landscape as a general term for all natural and human phenomena that can be observed and felt on the Earth. Landscapes can be categorized into two types: natural landscapes and human landscapes. Landscapes, which are the research focus of tourism earth science, are believed to have resource attributes and can be used to develop a tourism industry.