Reference work entry
A lake basin is a natural depression on land that contains water. It includes the lake shore zone and the lake bottom area. Based on the crucial factors during its formation, lake basins can be classified into the following: (1) tectonic (such as faulting and folding) lake basins; (2) glacial lake basins, which are formed by glacial advance or retreat, ice fracturing or uneven warming of the ice surface; (3) volcanic crater lake basins, which form in dormant volcanoes after their eruption; (4) barrier lake basins, which are a result of landslides or blockage of river valleys by erupted materials; (5) fluvial lake basins, which are formed by water erosion; (6) aeolian lake basins, which are formed by wind erosion; and (7) meteorite lake basins, which form due to the impacts of meteorites on the ground. When a lake basin fills with water, it becomes a lake (Fig. 2).
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