Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Karst Landscape Tourism Resource

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_1267

This landscape gets its name from a location on the Istria Peninsula in Slovenia, where limestone forms a unique landform with distinct peaks and caves. In 1893, the Yugoslavian scientist J. Cvijic studied the geological and geomorphic landscape of this area in detail and used the name of the site ‘karst’ as a general term for this limestone dissolution landform. Since then, ‘karst’ has become a universal term for dissolution landforms in limestone areas. Because this term was considered to be not sufficiently popular, at the National Symposium on Karst held by the Chinese Geological Society in 1966, it was proposed that the Chinese term for this landscape be replaced by ‘Yangrong’, which means rock dissolution. This is because the distinctive peak and cave scenery is formed by the dissolution of rock by water; hence, it is easy to understand how ‘Yangrong’ reflects this process. Since then, ‘Yangrong’ has generally been used by Chinese academics, but some continue to use ‘karst’...

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