Kamchatka Volcanoes Landscape
Reference work entry
This is a cluster of volcanoes located on the Kamchatka Peninsula in the Russian Far East. There are a total of 127 volcanoes, 22 of which are active. The most famous is the Klyuchevskaya Sopka, which is 4,750 m high. Over the past 30 years, more than 50 eruptions have occurred. Currently, smoke still rises from the peak. Avachinsky Volcano lies at an elevation of 2,741 m and is also an active volcano. The Kamchatka Peninsula volcanoes, together with the 16 volcanoes of the Kuril Islands in its southeast corner, form one of the most active volcanic groups on the Pacific Rim. There are hundreds of fountains and hot springs on the island. The Death Valley on the peninsula lies in the foothills of the Kihainech Volcano. Several weasels and black bears came here to search for food but died when they inhaled toxic fumes. This place is only safe for animals when easterly or northerly winds dilute the poisonous gases (Fig. 1).
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